What is Pigmentation
It occurs when the cell’s melanin (skin pigment) gets affected due to a skin condition, a trauma in the skin tissue, or natural causes like aging. The pigmentation could be blemishes, scars or stains, which keep you from flaunting even-toned and pristine skin.
Cause of Pigmentation
Pigmentation can be caused by a number of reasons. Skin problems and inflammation, skin issues like acne and aging, long sun exposure, change in hormone levels, insect bites, skin disorder, and more. It is a skin condition that is mostly due to sun exposure, age, or inflammation or worsened by these variables.
How to prevent and cope with pigmentation
You can prevent pigmentation by eating right and using the perfect skincare products for your skin type. Always wear sunscreen to protect your skin from free radicals (trust us, it’s root cause of all your skin problems) and don’t pick at your pimples and scars as it makes the pigmentation worse.
To get even-toned skin and reduce pigmentation, try skincare products full of Vitamin C, kojic acid and retinoid (for dark spots). They’ll lighten marks and dark spots and enhance your complexion. Alternatively, you could always rely on natural ingredients such as aloe vera gel, coconut oil, olive oil and green tea that heal and nourish the skin and fade away from blemishes.
Different types of skin pigment
Did you know there are really various kinds of pigmentation? Freckles, Solar Lentigines, Melasma, Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation, and Hypopigmentation are not all synonymous with one another. We break down and explain the different pigmentation types, so you can have a better comprehension of what’s happening with your skin.
Freckles are the most common type of pigmentation. Though your genetics can affect whether you get freckles, these small dots are usually the very first signs of sun damage. They develop after repeated sun exposure and are particularly prevalent on those with a fairer complexion. They tend to become more prominent and appear darker during the sunnier months.
Solar Lentigines are the pigmentation types also called liver spots, sun spots, brown spots or age spots. They’re pigmented spots that vary in color from light brown to black. They can appear anywhere on the body and are caused by UV rays from the sun exposure. These kinds of pigmentation has to be monitored as they have the potential to develop into skin cancer and melanoma.
Melasma (or chloasma) is more prevalent in women. It appears on the face as bigger tan or brown patches with an indistinct border. Though causes are unknown, they are generally triggered by hormonal changes but the condition can be made worse by excessive sun `exposure, certain drugs, stress and pregnancy (which is why it’s sometimes referred to as the’pregnancy mask’).
Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)
PIH is often the result of acne, burns, friction or competitive clinical treatments such as chemical peels, dermabrasion, laser and IPL. This sort of pigmentation can improve with time and is treatable with topical products.